Press [x] to close an interface, has become the every person dealing with the computer, network, software instinct, today''s [x] has indeed become a standard element of the GUI design.But when we go back development of the GUI, it does not seem to have been so.
So, [x] is from where and when it started to become the standard configuration GUI of it?
To back [x] development process, it may be from our most familiar Microsoft started.Using windows, you can always find in the top right corner of the window on the screen [x].
However, windows 1.0, the window close button is not [x]
windows 2.0 is not.
Then the windows 3.0 it?
In fact, until the time windows 95, [x] really occurs at the interface of windows system.Close button and maximize this time, minimizing appeared together in the upper right corner of the window, the window classic styling this combination of operations.
There is evidence that this is in fact designed to go together late.windows 95 (codename: Chicago) in the early stages of development, maximize and minimize buttons are redesigned, but [x] close button on the left and in the past also placed in the top bar.
Windows Chicago (August 1993)
So, who at the last minute changed the design of it?I do not know.But the man made this design has been passed down to today, and affects a large number of systems and GUI design software.
Gates want to make every desk and every family to use computers.So, from the windows 3.0, Microsoft will be based on the availability of feedback on the windows GUI design adjustments, and thus the overall situation has changed 95.
It really works!windows 95 operating system to beat the other in the competition, was recognized by most of the world''s businesses and families.But at the moment my goal is not to tell you [x] is a variation of the popular any time, but to tell you how it is an important part of UI design.
Can we find more and private [x] case in GUI design it?
can.But at the same period of the Mac OS does not use [x] as close to the identity of this design is to enable MacOSX times before, and only when you hover over the red button when, [x] will appear.
After the windows 95 release, GUI design in Linux have begun to use [x] a.
X Window System
Talk so much GUI, we might as well from the date of birth of the GUI start to see it.Before Windows, Mac OS and Linux was born, the first full use of the "desktop metaphor" graphical interface, is the legendary Xerox 8010 Information System.
Xerox 8108 is known as the Xerox Star, also known as "ViewPoint" and "GlobalView", we can see that its expectations and recognition.Xerox 8101 began the development of this model is from 1977, and until 1981 was officially to "Dandelion" name on sale.It''s GUI system inspired Steve Jobs and his team, and used in subsequent Lisa and Macintosh projects.Jobs'' team in 1979 for 12 years with core members of the team in research and development center Xerox saw the development of the Xerox Star and GUI system, even carefully observed the implementation details of this interactive interface, which makes his subsequent product made a great success.
Although, this time has not yet [x].
Recall that has not yet [x] earlier Apple operating system it.
Mac OS 1
In 1983, IBM released the first Visi interface, the same did not find [x] exists.
In 1984, Digital Research DOS-based system developed by GEM, we still can not find [x] exists.
But this is what?Could it be .
Atari TOS 1.0
This is derived from Atari TOS 1.0 screenshot.In 1985, when the GEM system to be ported to the Atari ST Atari be branched when the first [x] Close button is found here.Why is this time, in this place?
It may be that the US company Atari borrowed from Japanese culture over the other visual elements of it.As the first thing they learn from Japan, is the name of their company, Atari was originally borrowed from the Japanese game Go in the past, meaning "hit the target".With the [x] and [o] represent respectively closed and opened, are the two identifiers should be from Japan "batsu" and "maru".
Maru (o) and Batsu (x)
Batsu, that is, [x], was originally used to denote incorrect, it can also be expressed as an error, bad and attacks.And Maru, that is, [o] is to show the correct meaning, really, good, complete, and even can be understood as precious.Two common gesture or both, hands folded represented Batsu, shake hands with the head and the whole country represented Maru.
Another example is the use of bats and maru PS series consoles gamepad, [x] and [o] are used to indicate yes and no.Of course, all the above is my theory and conjecture.He never appeared in the field of design I could never confirm it all.However, I think all this is plausible.Just in case, I still continue to advance toward a more ancient history, and see what else we can find.
In 1965, by Ken Thompson to write, but also the oldest text editor Quick Editor (QED), then use the keyboard shortcut command [q], [e], [c] and [ESC] to close and leaving the program, but [x] did not become one of them.Not only that, thereafter until 1971, based on other text editor QED developed have never been introduced this option.It is worth mentioning that, Ken Thompson and later assisted in the development of UNIX, has made an indelible contribution to modern operating systems, software.
Then, later famous editor VI, VIM, EMACS and it EDLIN?Until the 1980s, they have not been used [x] to close the program.[X] at most, as a shortcut to delete a character present in the editor, rather than closed software.
[X] rather than just a letter, it is a tangible symbol that represents this "off" behavior in the graphical interface and interaction design.[X] first show in this area, most probably on the Atari TOS systems, and it is derived from the influence of Japanese culture.Thanks to last-minute changes before the windows 95 release, [x] popular in the world, has become the standard.