AI has many useful tools to help you complete the design and drafting work, including AI pen tool, AI text tool, AI brush tool, AI mixing tools, AI PathFinder, AI conversion tool to introduce today is a frequency of use very important tool.But it is not a tool, but rather a collection of objects related to multiple and conversion tools.This tutorial for beginners AI is particularly helpful, although some intermediate users can learn some knowledge not previously know.
1.Transform operation on the object
When we began to explain AI''s transformation tools, we must first introduce the object transformation operations on AI.
Converting English words derived from the Latin, conversion operation generally refers to the object position changes in shape or, While it sounds simple, but these simple operations but contains a lot of changes.
Transformation object may change many properties of objects (e.g., position, size, angle, etc.), the operation may be performed alone or simultaneously.Generally, the transformation can be used for one or more selected objects.
Bounding box (Bounding box)
AI shape of the object in the document may be diverse, but AI algorithms transform operations can indeed apply equally, because the AI in shape no matter what the graphics, there will be a rectangular bounding box.AI transform operation on the object is performed for the bounding box.
Bounding box has four sides, each wrap four boundaries of the object, as well as the edge point operation, the object can be easily converted.Usually just select the object you can see the bounding box, but also can make it invisible (Ctrl + Shift + B).
Transformation point (Point of Transformation)
In AI, the default bounding box of the object will have a central point.If you do not see it, the AI may open the Properties panel (Ctrl + F11), and then click the button to display the center (as shown below).This conversion point may be referred to the center point, or reference point.For example, a zoom object, then the reference point is stationary, while the other point change occurs.Of course, perform certain actions, such as moving, we will change the reference point.It is worth mentioning that a reference point of the object can be moved anywhere on the document AI, but not necessarily inside the object.
In AI, the moving object change operation is one of the most frequent, although many AI users are not aware of this, mean moving object coordinates changes.AI moving operation is generally performed based on the transformation point, the mobile unit of measurement may be the point (Point), the pixel (px) and other common graphic design software units.Users can set (Ctrl + K) in the AI option in.
Scaling is to change the size of an object.There are many ways you can scale objects in the AI.Change point position is not the same effect, the scaling of the object will be different.2-dimensional pattern has two axes, the scale objects is based on two directions of x and y.
In AI, you can x or y direction or both directions simultaneously scaling.While scaling means keeping the proportions and shape of the object is not just to change the size of an object.Generally, 100% refers to the original size.
The rotation angle of the object is changed.Similarly, AI transformation point positions of objects will lead to a different result of the rotation is not the same.If we keep the default position of the invariant point conversion (i.e., at the center of the bounding box), then the object corresponding to the rotation of a rotation operation.In the AI there are many ways to rotate the object angle from -360 ° to 360 °.
AI in the mirror or reflector, is slightly more complex transform operation point, so that it can flip the object in any direction.That may be a horizontal or vertical direction, and may be any angle.The results and image transformation point and about the variator shaft.
AI The shearing operation is another operation that transforms a relatively complicated, which means on one axis so that an object "skew", the result is the inclination varies depending axis, the axis may be horizontal, vertical or at any angle.Shearing of AI may be performed by a command operation or tool.
Free Transform (Free Transform)
Photoshop studied people who are no strangers to free transform, which means that several parameters can be changed to a one-time free transform an object, such as position, size, angle and even perspective, etc..
2.AI tools used to transform the object
AI mode conversion object is to use the most popular tool in the corresponding transformed toolbar.There are many different conversion tools available.
AI move tool
AI Move Tool (V), the toolbar that black arrow.
AI simplest way is to move the selected object, and then pulled down the desired position.But many times we have to move precisely, so we need the help of AI move a toolbar.
Select the object, moving the tool will pop up dialog double click movement (see below), is simple to use, you can move horizontally or vertically movable and to be moved at a specific angle.Both can enter a positive or you can enter a negative value, click COPY becomes Move and copy.
AI zoom tool
AI Zoom tool is actually not as good as using the default bounding box of the shortcut keys + easy to use, but still a little more about.
AI After selecting the zoom tool, the object will be a box, pulling the horizontal frame is horizontal scaling, vertical scaling is vertical frame, the corner point is pulled scaling.Default zoom is performed according to the transformation point of the bounding box, you can change the location of the point and then scaling transformation.
Similarly, if you need precise zoom, zoom can double-click the AI tool, it will pop-up dialog box similar mobile tool set contents similar, not repeat them.
AI also has a fast way to select the zoom tool, hold down the Alt key and click on the appropriate location, changing the transformation point of the object while scaling dialog box will pop up.
AI rotary tool
Select AI rotary tool, simply drag the rotation of the object can be achieved.The default transformation point is at the center of the bounding box, so the default rotation is the rotation of the object, you can hold down the Alt key and click to change the transformation point.While rotating, hold the Shift key may be rotated 45 degrees increments.
Similarly If precise rotation can double-AI the rotary tool, the exact value of input.Positive is counterclockwise, a clockwise direction is negative.
AI reflection means (mirror)
In the AI tool bar, and the rotary tool is a tool of reflection.To image an object, as long as the first tool and select the AI reflection mirror in the desired direction simply drag it.
Shifit hold the key to limit the mirror in the horizontal or vertical direction.If you want to change the transformation point, also hold down the Alt key and click on the corresponding position.If precise angle mirror, double reflection AI tools, to input the corresponding value in the dialog box.It is reflected by copy and copy.
The AI tool really can not find a good translation :) AI tool and zoom tool on a simple drag to skew an object, only need to select the Shear tool, and then in the direction you want to skew it.
Operation with the shift key, Alt key and double-click out of the dialog boxes and similar tools before, readers can try it yourself these best AI tools.
Use black arrow / Direct Selection Tool
In the AI tool bar, the black arrow (V) may be moved as a selection tool but also as a tool.This tool is more powerful, not only moving objects, you can zoom, rotate objects.
As long as the selected object, and drags eight points on the boundary box (see below) can be scaled up, hold the Shift key can limit scaling.But it is worth mentioning that this approach can not change the zoom position transform point of the object.
Also selected in the AI black arrow, move the mouse to the edge of the four corners of the object, marking a double-headed arrow will appear, this time you can drag a rotating object, hold down the shift key can be rotated by 45 degree increments.Similarly, this approach can not change the switching points of the object.
Some other deformation tools
In addition to the tools described above, the AI and some additional tools, by varying the shape of the object to accomplish the objectives transform.
AI free deformation tool can freely transform of the object, including mobile, we previously introduced rotating, scaling, reflection, Shera series of operations, which allows simultaneously perform perspective.
AI using free transform tool to rotate, scale of operation and almost before the introduction of.However, in the free mode deformation tools, as long as the corner pulling direction of the tension to be mirrored to complete the mirroring.
Drag the handle at the same time hold down the Alt built, then press the Ctrl key, you can use the free transform tool AI complete shear operation.
Hold down the Ctrl key and then press and hold the operation after the handle, so you can do a separate operation for each point, in order to achieve the perspective effect.If the hold down lever holding down the Alt + Ctrl + shift operation can be performed along one direction, perspective.
AI profiling tool (Reshape Tools) and AI in a zoom tool, the tool can sometimes easily change the shape of the object (Translator: similar to "soft select" of three-dimensional software 3dsmax or maya), such as the use of AI shaping tool to drag a curve, it will automatically adjust the curve near the anchor, in order to maintain a substantially constant shape.If you manually move the anchor point, you may need to perform many operations.
AI twisting tool (Warp), the following set of tools can be used with a plurality of tools to change the shape of the object AI, although many tools appear to be complex, but is easy to use, select the appropriate tool, the object can be directly operated.Readers can try out.
3.Converting the AI menu object
In the previous section, we have learned how to use tools to transform AI parameters of the object (location, size, angle, shape, etc.), and now we start trying to use the menu bar to transform objects AI.In the menu object (object)> conversion (the Transform).
We call a general transformation refers to the moving object, zoom, rotate, and Shear mirror, which can be achieved by appropriate menu command.
To achieve the object of the AI and the effect of the change with the menu bar, tool bar AI is the same, except the menu command can not be changed transformed points (reference point / point-axis) of the object, while not converting manually.When the command converted into the sub-menu, such as the object (object)> conversion (transform)> Zoom (Scale), a corresponding dialog box pops up, the input parameters can be completed by.
AI again transform (Ctrl + D) function is very useful, in addition to a menu shortcut keys can also object (object)> conversion (transform)> again transform (transform again).This command was repeated with the same parameters of the last transform.
Usually we use once again transform AI to create some repetitive object, such as a petal, we just need to be repeated several times to rotate and copy, you can get a flower.In many cases, AI once again transform indeed very practical, remember its shortcut Ctrl + D
Reset the bounding box
Part of the knowledge we have introduced AI before the object''s bounding box.AI transform frequently used objects will find the bounding box of the object will change with the transformation of the object occurs.For example, if you perform a rotational operation of the object, you will find that its bounding box that also the angle of rotation.
Sometimes you need to transform the occurrence of the bounding box to reset to the default state.Simply by AI menu object (object)> conversion (transform)> bounding box reset (Reset Bounding Box).Such transform of the object is still valid, but the bounding box to reset to the default state.
Alone transform (Transform Each)
For transform multiple objects, AI defaults to transform all objects together, but sometimes we need to transform each object individually.In AI this can be achieved.Together with the conversion and transformation of the individual we look at the differences between.
Together with the conversion: Select the object you want to transform, if the implementation of the general transformation operation, all objects will be based on a bounding box and transformation point conversion.As shown below:
Individual transformation: All the selected objects will be transformed according to their bounding box and transformation point.As shown below:
AI in an object to be selected individually converted, then the menu object (Object)> Transform (Transform)> alone transform (Transform Each) (Alt + Shift + Command + D), will pop up a dialog box so that.You can perform many operations, including horizontal, vertical movement, horizontal and vertical scaling, rotation, mirroring.If you want to have some results of transformation, you can also select random (Random).
Useful tips alone transform
Here are some AI as we transform individual commands useful tips that can let you easily make some special graphics.Graph below:
The above graphic needs of each new copy of the image scaling to 90% and rotate 10 degrees, if the AI again transform (Ctrl + D) can not make come, because repeated conversion can only remember Repeat the last step, like the above example, repeated again transform command is either scaling or rotation is repeated.So this time we need to rely on the help of AI alone transform command.
Is still the example above, select the rectangle, and then open a separate command AI transform, scale 90%, rotated 10 degrees, click Copy (copy).This put the two parameters change as a step, and now once again transform command of AI (Ctrl + D) on it.
4.Shortcuts AI conversion tools and shortcuts
AI no matter what the tool has a lot of shortcuts and shortcuts, transformation is no exception.Here are some of the tools and transform AI-related shortcuts.
AI Transform Tool Shortcuts
In addition to shear tools and shaping tools (Reshape), basically AI each transformation tool has a shortcut key, in addition to the default shortcut keys outside, in AI you can also order custom shortcuts.In the menu border (Edit)> Keyboard Shortcuts Keyboard shortcuts (Alt + Shift + Command + K).
Move Tool (V) Zoom tool (S) rotating tool (R) reflection / mirroring tool (O) group twisting tool (Shift + R) Free Transform Tool (T)
Shortcuts transform operations
Previous article, there may be some mention these shortcuts, there is still a systematic list them.When you perform a particular conversion operation in AI, with some keys, such as Alt, shift, ctrl to use, can be of great help to your work, save your operation time.
-------- Enter key when you select a tool and press Enter will pop up options, equivalent to double-click the Alt key plus point AI Click ------ transformation that changes the object / reference point Hold down the Alt key - ----- transformed and copied object AI Shift-holding ratio ------ Ctrl + D conversion or a particular angular increment -------- once again performed on the converted Alt + shift + ctrl + D --- open a separate conversion command
5.With AI converting panel object
At the AI conversion tools and menu commands outside in AI where you can also transform objects by AI panel.Press Shift + F8 pop AI conversion panel.However, note that the operation of AI alone can not transform conversion panel, and is used in absolute units, and not converted Tools menu commands using relative units.
Changing the transformed point / reference point / pivot point
AI transform the leftmost panel has a point to change the object transform function, as shown below, you can change between these nine points, but can not change point in random places.In all operating AI converting panel according to this change point is calculated.
Changing the position of the object
Providing the object coordinate information in the X-axis and the y-axis AI conversion panel, as long as you change the appropriate values can change the position of the object.But note that, AI default origin is the lower left corner of the document.
You can also change the unit of measurement, the menu editor (Edit)> Options (Preferences)> Units and display settings (Units & Display performance).
Changing the size of the object
In the conversion panel AI, simply change the value W (width Width) and H (height of the height), can change the size of the object, clicks the button next to the chains can limit scaling.
In the conversion panel AI, so long as the angle below the angle input box may want to rotate the rotation body, the rotation is completed, automatically zero angle.
Slant skew objects
AI conversion panel can be used to skew the bottom right object you want to select or enter the skew angle can be the same value after the operating automatically zero.
Mirror / reflecting object
In the AI converting panel, the object can be horizontal or vertical mirror, the mirror can not be at any angle.Select the object, and then clicking on the top right of the triangle, the pop-up options, select horizontal flip (Flip horizontal) or vertical flip (Flip vertical).
If, when you want to zoom, Stroke object with the object size scaling, then select the Zoom option in the Brushes & effects (Scale stroke & effects).
6.With AI converting element inside an object
AI converting very powerful, not only can a variety of tools to transform transforming one or more objects, but also can transform elements inside a body, such as an anchor, and so segment.
In AI, the segments can also be transformed by the transform tool or menu command.A direct line with the selected tool (A) to select an object, then it can be changed as the object image into segments.Of course, for a move operation, preferably using direct selection tool or drag, or press Enter exact numeric input.
As the anchor line and transform transform AI, simply select the anchor point with the Direct Selection Tool AI, and then use the tool or menu commands to perform a transform operation.Transformation of the anchor is actually the handle of the anchor (handles) operation, mobility anchor also just use the Direct Selection tool to drag.
We previously mentioned methods are the transform of the object having a "disruptive" of operation after once you change the shape of the object.Some non-destructive method for converting an object in AI.May be, the effect of AI on the overall effect of the object by operating the AI (Effects), a particular element does not change the object.
The benefits of using AI effect
Use AI effect may transform or change the shape of an object is present in the form of a pattern (style), and the original object remains unchanged.These effects will be displayed in the AI panel appearance (Appearance Pannel) Shift + F6, and is editable.You can always copy in the Appearance panel, delete the effect or change the effect settings.
If you want to permanently release effect to the object, simply use expand (expand) command to the menu object (Object)> Expand (Expand).AI built a lot of wonderful results, but this tutorial, we only provide some method of operation and objects related to the conversion effect.
Conversion effect (Transformation Effect)
This is an important practical effect, the effect of the menu (Effect)> & twisted deformation (Distort & Transform)> conversion (the Transform), the command and the command dialog box is very similar to transform AI separate general transform operation where can be found.The only difference is that more options for a number of copies (copies), so you can copy the number you want at the same time transform.
Once complete, this effect is retained in the panel appearance of the AI, you can change the parameters of these effects at any time, transform objects dynamically.More powerful is, AI allows you to overlay multiple effects simultaneously.
Free distorting effects (Free Distort Effect)
Free distorting effects of AI in the menu effect (Effect)> & twisted deformation (Distort & Transform)> distort freely (Free Distort) inside, have said before this effect is somewhat similar to the Free Transform AI.As shown in the pop-up window, you can see a simulation model, operating model will dynamically change object.
The effect of the menu (Effect)> There are other useful effects of the distortion transformation & modification (Distort & Transform).Can significantly change the appearance of objects, such as folding & expanded (Pucker & Bloat), coarse (Roughen), sawtooth (Zig Zag), the reader can go try these effects.
AI is indeed a very powerful vector graphics creation tools, it is worth us to explore and research, you can inadvertently discovered some practical tips, especially on this powerful conversion tool.
VectorTuts this article about converting objects in AI is the most comprehensive article I have ever seen, so everyone translation.Spent nearly six hours of time, I hope to give beginners some of the AI, designer friend brought some modest help, because the level is limited, inadequate translation services please forgive me.
Original link: All About Transformation in adobe illustrator
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