A, BIOS settings section
Due to various motherboard BIOS is different, but the principle is basically the same set, in this only introduces several typical BIOS settings, I believe that readers can refer to this article to solve the problem according to the actual situation of the motherboard BIOS.
1.Southbridge is ICH5 motherboard
Asus P4C800 first to an example, this motherboard chipset i865PE, Southbridge is ICH5 / ICH5R.Into the BIOS, under the selected IDE Configuration Menu Main, in the following Onboard IDE Operate Mode IDE can choose between two operating modes: compatibility mode and enhanced mode (Compatible Mode and Enhanced Mode).Wherein the compatibility mode Compatible Mode, can be understood as the SATA hard disk port mapping corresponding port to the parallel port IDE channel, when you choose this mode IDE Port Settings in the following there will be three options:
Primary P-ATA + SATA: Parallel IDE hard disk occupies the primary channel (Primary IDE Channel) IDE0 + 1 of the serial SATA drives occupy IDE2 + 3 from the channel (Secondary IDE Channel).That is when the second IDE interface corresponding to parallel ports on the motherboard is not available.
Secondary P-ATA + SATA: contrary to the above, when the first parallel IDE interface to the motherboard (Primary P-ATA) and the corresponding port is not available because a SATA hard disk occupies.
P-ATA Ports Only: shield serial SATA hard disk interface, a parallel interface devices use only.
Note: The first two modes, SATA1 connector on the motherboard automatically IDE disk position corresponding to the main channel, SATA2 IDE interface is automatically channel corresponding to the position from the disc.
When the selection mode to enhanced mode Enhanced Mode, its port settings under the words changed to Enhanced Mode Supports On, of which there are three options:
PATA + SATA: coexistence of parallel and serial hard mode, then SATA and PATA channels are independent of each other without disturbing each other, in theory, four PATA and SATA two devices simultaneously can be connected 6, the actual Depending on the motherboard must be, on some South Bridge chip only supports 4 ATA devices.At this time, the hard disk SATA1 port corresponding to Third IDE Master (third IDE channel master disk), SATA2 port corresponding to the hard disk Fourth IDE Master (the fourth IDE channel master).
S-ATA: Serial HDD enhanced mode, then theoretically support four serial hard drive, but will have to see the motherboard support case (if it is ICH5R chipset as P4P800, want to set RAID mode, you must choose this option, and Configure S-ATA as RAID item is set Yes, S-ATA BOOTROM item is set to Enable, after setting the BIOS automatically detect when the press "Ctrl + I" for RAID configuration).
P-ATA: in fact, also a mapping mode, SATA hard drives occupy the first IDE channel, SATA1 port corresponding to the first channel master disk, SATA2 port corresponding to the first channel from the disk.
When you use the Win98 / Win NT / Win2000 / MS-DOS and other conventional operating systems, since they only support four IDE devices, so please select the compatibility mode Compatible Mode, and select IDE according to your actual hard drive number and position Port Settings in the corresponding options; when you are using WinXP / Win2003 and other new operating system, you can choose enhanced mode enhanced mode to support more devices.Of course, if you install Win98 + Win XP dual system, also had to choose the Compatible Mode.You can not install SATA hard disk (such as: ASRock P4VT8) correct In addition, some motherboards have BIOS BUG, resulting in the installation Windows 98SE systems on a single SATA hard drive, just need to upgrade to the latest version of BIOS version can be solved.
Note: Although not the primary SATA hard drive itself from the points, but if you use the port mapping mode, when you want to parallel and serial hard disk hard disk coexist, still have to pay attention not to the hard disk location occupied by the conflict, and the boot sequence also need to be adjusted to the actual situation in the BIOS.
2.Southbridge motherboards for the Intel ICH5R
Below GA-8KNXP Ultra, for example, a brief talk about Gigabyte SATA motherboard''s BIOS settings:
The motherboard chipset is i875P, Southbridge ICH5R, set the option SATA its part of the Integrated in the main menu under Main Peripherals (integration of peripheral devices) in: options for boot device in the Advanced BIOS Features (Advanced BIOS feature set be), the corresponding set supra.
Can be seen from the above two examples ICH5 / ICH5R Southbridge board, are provided to identify the SATA hard disk in two ways independent SATA port mapping and channel.As to which mode should be selected and set values, see above and the number of S-ATA and P-ATA hard disk, the operating system installed and which as a system boot disk, the actual situation is set from the line.
3.VIA VT8237 South Bridge of motherboard
With respect ICH5 / ICH5R chipset, SATA setting section is much simpler VT8237.Below Soltek SL-KT890 series, for example, set the option SATA its part also in the Main Integrated Peripherals main menu (the integration of peripheral devices) in:
Onboard PATA IDE (IDE onboard parallel port settings)
This setting allows the user to configure the onboard parallel IDE port function.
Disabled: Close the motherboard parallel IDE port function.
Enabled: allows the use of parallel IDE port function (default).
Onboard IDES operate mode (priority setting onboard IDE)
PATA is Pri IDE: PATA port on the device first (default).
SATA is Pri IDE: SATA port on the device priority.
Onboard SATA- IDE (motherboard built SATA port function setting)
Disabled: Close the motherboard SATA port.
SATA: SATA port on the motherboard SATA port to use as a general.
RAID: SATA hard disk port on the motherboard can be established on the disk array (default).
Here you only need to adjust according to the actual situation about the string, parallel port priority to normal use SATA hard drive.(It can be seen from the above options, where S-ATA hard drive or may be understood to be mapped to P-ATA port identified up.)
Note: RAID is also need to set up at boot time press "Tab" key to enter the VIA Technology RAID controller BIOS setup screen is provided separately, see the relevant instruction manual.
Here we 9NPA + Ultra Epox A Case Study.Boot, press the DEL key to enter the motherboard BIOS settings page.
First, we set the hard drive related.Select Integrated Peripherals entered, this one contains a hard disk settings options, including SATA Mode, Secondary Master UDMA, Secondary Slave UDMA, SATA1 / 2, SATA3 / 4, RAID Enable and several other options.In each option, the Enabled and Disabled have two options to choose from, here we just "SATA1 / 2", "SATA3 / 4" is set to [Enabled], to activate the SATA, other options remain unchanged.
In addition, if your machine is only a piece of machinery installed hard drive, you do not need to set up RAID, then you put the "RAID Enable" option is set to [Disabled], that is, turn this feature off.Conversely, if you need to set RAID mode, it is necessary to set [Enabled], in order to open the function item.In addition Delay For HDD (Secs) option provides two modes for your choice 0,1.
After completing the settings for disk, we have to start the system for the smooth conduct some simple settings.Press ESC to exit the hard disk settings, select Aduanced BIOS Features basic items into the BIOS setup options, in this one, we can see the First Boot Device, Second Boot Device, Third Boot Device three settings, each in also includes Removable, hard disk, CDROM three options, the first of which is the system automatically looks for bootable disk, second, three for the hard disk and CD-ROM boot.Then we will set First Boot Device Hard Disk, the system will default to the hard drive as the first boot disk.
In addition, when using SATA hard drive, if your machine has no floppy drive installed, we have to close this one floppy drive.The method is to first select Aduanced BIOS Features basic items into the BIOS setup options, select BOOT UP Floppy Seek enter, choose [Disabled] to.
SATA hard disk partition
Now it is generally used to partition the hard disk after Win98 / Me start the program starts with FDISK, DM, PQ and other tools.So long as the settings are correct in the BIOS and can identify the SATA hard drive after startup, when the SATA hard disk partition and the traditional partition on the hard drive exactly the same method for the parallel port.
If you are using a start Win2000 / XP / 2003 and other CD-ROM to boot and partition, if your SATA hard disk can not identify, you need to prompt on the screen "Press F6 if you need to install a third party SCSI or RAID driver."Press F6, a floppy driver is loaded when the drive is properly identified and after conventional parallel exactly the same way the hard disk partition.
NOTE: Some motherboard does not come with a floppy disk drive (e.g. ASRock K7S8XE +, using SiS748 + SiS964 chipset), and which the driver can not be directly copied from the floppy disc to the directory, but the installation making use startup CD motherboard, carefully read the motherboard manual.
Operating system installation
1.Win98 / Me
Whether you use what chipset, as long as the settings are correct in the BIOS and let the motherboard recognize S-ATA hard drive, it can be used properly installed.(Note: Maximum of course have to pay attention, Win98 / Me systems can only support 4 devices.)
2.NT core Win2000 / XP / 2003 systems
Here since ICH5 not need to load the RAID module, it can be directly installed (actually mapped to the S-ATA P-ATA port, parallel port, and naturally as a hard disk).ICH5R Southbridge controller while the two cases, one is completely shielded in the BIOS of the RAID module, and then, like the case of the ICH5 can be installed directly; two RAID is opened (the BIOS are enabled by default a), then you need to load drivers with a floppy press F6 at startup.ICH5R should be the same for VT8237 theoretically, on most of its motherboard manual also specified only when you do not need to load the driver as an ordinary SATA hard drive, but in fact is not whether the use RAID functions need to load drivers.
Note: in addition to the current S-ATA comes Southbridge controller, other third-party S-ATA controller basic need additional drivers, some motherboard Southbridge addition to their S-ATA, but also third parties such as board Promise the S-ATA and RAID controller, a distinction.
Operating system driver installation
When installing the operating system needs further to install the corresponding driver.
1.ICH5 only need to load the drivers provided by Intel INF.
2.ICH5R addition to INF-driven, but also loaded IAA3.0 or higher driver.
3.VT8237 need to install VIA Hyperion 4-IN-1 Patch.
If you have to use the parallel hard disk, it is best used with caution VIA IDE Miniport Driver driver VIA independent release, it is the hard disk burst transfer rate may cause the parallel decline, but without much effect on the serial hard drive performance.
Note: If you use a third-party SATA controller chip, and RAID module, you also need to add the appropriate driver.
to sum up
It can be seen from the above, using S-ATA hard key is correctly set in the BIOS of identification, since the BIOS menu of various motherboard manufacturers are not the same and not elaborate manual motherboard, has caused the use of S-ATA hard disk the problems.Due to the different research and development capabilities, to get this part of the motherboard makers unite at this stage is unrealistic, so I can only hope that the reader through reference to this article, giving top priority to solve the problem according to their actual situation.