1975\u0026ndash;1981: Microsoft started
Start: Microsoft co-founders Paul Allen (left) and Bill Gates
It was the 1970s and people's work mainly relied on printers. If you need to copy a document you may use a mimeograph or carbon paper. Few people have heard of microcomputers but two young computer enthusiasts Bill Gates and Paul Allen discovered that personal computing is the way to the future.
In 1975 Gates and Allen formed a company called Microsoft. Like most companies that have just been founded Microsoft was small at first but it had a grand vision—to popularize computers on every desk and in every home. In the next few years Microsoft began to change the way we work.
The emergence of MS-DOS
In June 1980 Gates and Allen asked Gates’ former Harvard classmate Steve Ballmer to help run the company. In the following July IBM and Microsoft started contacting on a project code-named 'Chess'. In response to IBM’s needs Microsoft concentrated on developing a new operating system\u0026mdash; the software can manage (or run) computer hardware and eliminate the gap between computer hardware and programs (such as word processors) The estrangement. Computer programs can run on this basis. They named this new operating system \u0026ldquo;MS?DOS\u0026rdquo;.
When the IBM computer running MS? DOS was introduced in 1981 a brand new language was also introduced to the public. Typing 'C:' and various mysterious commands gradually become part of daily work. People are getting used to using the backslash (\\) key.
MS-DOS is very effective to use but it does make it difficult for most people to understand and master. Therefore how to build an operating system in a better way has become the main research direction.
Tips for enthusiasts: MS-DOS stands for Microsoft Disk Operating System.
1982\u0026ndash;1985: Launched Windows 1.0
Microsoft is committed to developing the first version of the new operating system. The interface manager is the code name of this project and is considered the final name but the reason why Windows is popular is that it best describes the box or calculation 'window' that is the basis of the new system. Windows announced the project in 1983 but its development took a lot of time. Skeptics call it 'Nothingness'.
▲Full-packaged Windows 1.0
On November 201985 two years after the initial project was announced Microsoft finally launched Windows 1.0 . Now users only need to move mouse on the screen (or 'window') to point to the desired location and click to complete the task without typing MS-DOS commands. Bill Gates said: 'This is a unique software designed specifically for computer users'. '''
Windows contains drop-down menus scroll bars icons and dialog boxes making the program easier to learn and use. Users can switch between multiple programs without having to exit and restart each program. Windows 1.0 comes with several programs including MS? DOS file management drawing Windows writer notepad calculator calendar card file and clock to help manage daily activities and even a game u>: flip chess.
Tips for enthusiasts: Remember the floppy disk and KB? Windows 1.0 requires at least 256 KB two double-sided floppy drives and a graphics adapter card. It is recommended to use hard disk and 512 KBmemory when running multiple programs or using DOS 3.0 or higher.
1987\u0026ndash;1992: Windows 2.0\u0026ndash;2.11\u0026mdash;More windows and faster speed
On December 91987 Microsoft released Windows 2.0 with desktop icons and expanded memory. With improved graphics support users can now overlap windows control screen layout and use keyboard shortcuts to speed up work. Some software developers wrote their first Windows-based programs for this version.
?1990s-style security breaches put millions of routers at risk