How to install windows 11 operating system on Apple computers

39 2021-08-06 07:31

How to install windows 11 operating system on Apple computers
Some people want to buy a MAC computer, but are afraid that the system will be uncomfortable or that frequently used programs will not be available on the MAC. There are also many Apple users who occasionally need to use Windows 11 applications, and it is often most convenient to use virtual machine solutions like Parallels Desktop , VMware Fusion and VirtualBox. This can cause some performance loss, but for most people, the convenience of running programs without rebooting more than makes up for it.

  The exception is playing games. With a virtualization solution, 3D performance is significantly diminished, if not completely absent (if you use VirtualBox), because most Macs lack a top-notch graphics processor and simply can't compete with Windows devices.

  You can install Windows on a Mac using Boot Camp, which means relying on Apple's Windows drivers to get everything working properly. The problem is that Apple isn't very aggressive about updating Windows drivers. The problem doubled when a new version of Windows was introduced: Boot Camp support for Windows 7 dragged on for about three months, and now a similar situation is happening with Win 11. The tech media Arstechnica.com is strongly dissatisfied with this.

  Screw the official support! We're just going to install Windows 11 on 2011 model iMac and 2010 model MacBook Air and see what the hell will happen! Here are our installation notes, which may help those who don't like to sit around and wait for Apple to update their drivers.

  Installation Process

  To install Boot Camp on the Cougar version, you will need.

  1. A Mac with Cougar support and at least 20GB of available disk space, of course more would be better.

  2. A product key for Win 11 or Win 11 Pro. We assume that you are using the 64-bit version of Windows.

  3, If your Mac has an optical drive, or if you are using a MacBook Air model earlier than 2011, you will also need a Win 11 installation DVD (for earlier Airs, you will also need an external optical drive).

  4. If you're using a 2011 or 2012 MacBook Air, or any Mac without an optical drive, you'll need an external optical drive and a Win 11 installation DVD, or a 4GB or larger capacity USB memory stick and a Windows 11 ISO file.

  5. An external hard drive in FAT format, or a blank CD or DVD to store Windows driver files.

  Once you have these things ready, you launch Boot Camp Assistant from Spotlight (or from Applications→Utilities), which will partition the drive for Windows installation, download the required driver files to your external hard drive, and (for MacBook Air, retina MacBook Pro, iMac computers and Mac Mini without optical drives) create a Windows USB installer from the ISO file.

  Figure: Download Windows drivers with Boot Camp Assistant.

  However, users of older Mac computers will find that: the installer also requires a Windows installation DVD to work, and you simply don't have the option to create a USB drive - with an optical drive, you can't choose any other method. Oddly enough, the same is true for the 2010, 2009, and 20011 models of the MacBook Air, but none of these devices shipped with an optical drive, so owners also had to get an external optical drive before they could continue anymore.

  After formatting the hard drive, have Boot Camp Assistant reboot the computer and install Windows into the newly created Boot Camp partition. Be careful to format the Boot Camp partition as NTFS, but don't delete it - this will destroy the partition and require you to redo it all over again from the very beginning.

  The Windows installation process is simple - enter your product key, create a user account, and the hardest part is done. "Once the Start screen appears, insert the external hard drive containing the Windows support files, open it, and run setup.exe.

  Figure: Installing Boot Camp support software.

  The Boot Camp installation process is trouble-free - you just accept all the setup defaults and wait while it installs all of Apple's driver software and Apple Software Update, and reboots when it prompts you to do so.

  Most Windows 7-compatible programs and drivers are also compatible with Windows 11. Fortunately, this article also applies to many Apple Boot Camp software, including read-only access to your Mac's HFS-formatted partition. From the Boot Camp control panel, you can select the default boot partition and adjust other system settings, just as you can in OS X.

  There are some minor issues, such as some overlay graphics not working and access to FileVault-encrypted volumes, but installing Win 11 will not cause major system-level problems.

  Figure: Some overlay graphics do not work in Windows 11.

  Driver issues

  The biggest problem, especially for gamers, is the driver issue. Depending on the Mac model you're using, you may need to find and install some additional drivers - some 2009 and 2010 model Macs have NVIDIA chipsets, and they require a separate chipset driver download.

  Photo: This MacBook Air's NVIDIA chipset is missing some drivers, but this issue is easily fixed.

  The bigger problem is that the drivers are outdated, especially the graphics card drivers. Boot Camp 4.0 software was introduced in the summer of 2011 and hasn't been updated since, so you may find its driver version too old.

  Figure: The driver version may be very old

  But with just a few clicks you can get new drivers - Apple's PC graphics chips are standard, so they use standard PC drivers. This table below lists the graphics chips used by different Macs, their drivers, and notes. All drivers are available for the 64-bit version of Windows 11.

  Retina Support

  Some MacBook Pros have retina displays. We have installed Windows 7 on a 15-inch retina MacBook Pro and found that the 200% scaling was mixed, good and bad. But Win 11 should have been improved, right?

  The problems that existed in Win 7 are still there, some icons and text look very eye catching, other graphics (including the mouse pointer) look harsh, and the biggest problem is still uneven - it varies a lot from program to program - some programs look very good, some look very good, others look very bad. -Some programs look great, others are a mess (and some choose to ignore the zoom settings altogether).

  Metro apps are a little better overall. Every app I use regularly, from the Mail and Calendar apps that come with Win 11 to the New York Times and Kindle apps, zooms well. But not all of them, like Chrome's Metro version, which doesn't zoom in well.

  Figure: The Start screen has a separate zoom setting, you need to go to Start → Control Panel → Easy Access and turn on "Make everything bigger on your screen".

  Figure: Most Metro apps perform well, but Chrome and other apps still have problems.

  Conclusion: We don't need official support

  Macs come in a variety of configurations, so it's hard to make generalizations. But overall, there shouldn't be any major problems running Win 11 on your Mac. Official support may work better, but you won't have a big problem upgrading now.


Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

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